Albert Sidney Johnston
Albert Sidney Johnston was born February 2, 1803 to John and Abigail Harris Johnston in Washington, Mason County, Kentucky.
He was educated at Transylvania University in Lexington.
Johnston secured an appointment to West Point from Louisiana graduating eighth in his class in 1826.
Receiving his commission as 2nd Lieutenant of Infantry from John Quincy Adams he served for eight years in the U.S. Infantry. In 1826 at Sackett’s Harbor, New York; in 1827 at Jefferson Barracks, Missouri with the Sixth Infantry; and as regimental adjutant in the Black Hawk War in Illinois.
After serving in the Black Hawk War in 1832 Johnston resigned his commission April 22, 1834 to care for his terminally ill wife Henrietta Preston Johnston. They were married January 20, 1829, and had one son William Preston Johnston born 1831. During her illness he farmed in St. Louis. His wife died August 12, 1835.
In 1836 Stephen F. Austin was on a recuiting mission for the young Republic of Texas. Only one day after the fall of the Alamo Austin was speaking in Louisville where Johnston heard him.
Johnston joined the Texas revolutionary forces as a private. On August 5, 1836 he was appointed Adjutant General by Thomas Jefferson Rusk. On January 31, 1837 he rose in the forces’ as Brigadier General and Chief Commander of the Texas Army. This appointment resulted in a duel with Felix Huston on February 5, 1837 at Camp Bowie.
He was appointed as Secretary of War in the Republic of Texas by President Mirabeau B. Lamar on December 22, 1838. He remained Secretary of War from 1838 to 1840.